Phnom Penh Statement on Trilateral Partnership for the Indo-Pacific

Today at the East Asia Summit in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Japanese Prime Minister Kishida Fumio, Republic of Korea (ROK) President Yoon SukYeol and United States President Joseph R. Biden, Jr. reaffirmed our trilateral partnership based on shared values, driven by innovation and committed ensure common prosperity and security. Leaders welcomed the unprecedented level of tripartite coordination. Together, in their second tripartite meeting this year, the leaders decided to forge even closer tripartite ties, both in security and beyond.

Leaders recognize that the challenges of the 21stst In the 20th century, closer cooperation between Japan, the ROK, and the United States is needed. The United States’ ironclad alliance commitment to the ROK and Japan and our close, enduring friendship are vital to the security and well-being of our citizens, the region, and the world. The leaders also agreed to work in a tripartite format at all levels. government must implement our approach to the Indo-Pacific region, which is vital to global peace, security and prosperity. Leaders will align our collective efforts to realize a free and open Indo-Pacific region that is inclusive, resilient and secure.



The leaders strongly condemn the DPRK’s unprecedented large-scale ballistic missile launches this year, including several ICBM launches, as well as a series of conventional military actions that seriously threaten peace and security on the Korean Peninsula and beyond. They reaffirm their commitment to complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula in accordance with United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolutions. The leaders urge the DPRK to honor the commitments set out in these resolutions, as well as previous commitments and agreements, and call on all UN member states to fully implement all UNSC resolutions. They reaffirm that the DPRK’s nuclear test will be met with a strong and determined response from the international community. Japan, the ROK, and the United States will coordinate sanctions and work together to close gaps in the international sanctions regime to ensure full enforcement of all relevant sanctions. The path to dialogue remains open for a peaceful and diplomatic solution with the DPRK, and leaders are calling on the DPRK to return to talks. To that end, President Biden and Prime Minister Kishida express their support for the ROK’s “Audacious Initiative” goal. The leaders reaffirm their shared commitment to an immediate resolution of the abduction issue. Prime Minister Kishida and President Biden also express support for the immediate release of ROK nationals detained in the DPRK.

At the same time, the three countries will work together to strengthen deterrence. President Biden reiterated that the U.S. commitment to Japan and the ROK is ironclad and backed by all options, including nuclear power. As the regional security environment becomes increasingly complex, President Biden reaffirms that the US commitment to strengthen extended deterrence against Japan and the ROK will only strengthen. Our recent joint exercises demonstrate our determination to preserve peace and stability and defend a rules-based international order. Leaders plan to share real-time missile warning data from the DPRK to improve each country’s ability to detect and assess the threat posed by incoming missiles, an important step toward deterrence, peace and stability.

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The leaders affirm their commitment to stand together with Ukraine against Russia’s unprovoked and brutal war of aggression against Ukraine, which has shaken the foundations of the international order. They recognize that the Indo-Pacific region cannot be stable and secure as long as aggression is rampant anywhere; threats to territorial integrity and sovereignty undermine the structure of the entire international order. They condemn in the strongest possible terms Russia’s attacks on civilians and civilian infrastructure and call for the immediate restoration of Ukraine’s territorial integrity and sovereignty. They condemn Russia’s nuclear threats to coerce and intimidate and state unequivocally that any use of a nuclear weapon by Russia would be hostile to humanity and would never be used by Russia under any circumstances. They share a determination to ensure that such actions never take place anywhere, including in the Indo-Pacific region. In this regard, the leaders also reject Russia’s false claims that Ukraine is preparing a radiological “dirty bomb”.

The leaders strongly oppose any unilateral attempts to change the status quo in Indo-Pacific waters, including through illegal maritime claims, militarization of reclaimed sites and coercive actions. Leaders reaffirmed their strong commitment to the rule of law, including freedom of navigation and overflight under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). Prime Minister Kishida, President Yon and President Biden emphasize that their guidelines on the Taiwan issue remain unchanged and reiterate the importance of maintaining peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait as an indispensable element of the security and prosperity of the international community.


The leaders wholeheartedly reaffirm the centrality and unity of ASEAN and their support for the ASEAN-led regional architecture, including the East Asia Summit. They commit to working closely with ASEAN partners to support the robust implementation of the ASEAN perspective in the Indo-Pacific region and continue to align their regional strategies with it. They condemn the coup in Myanmar and the Myanmar Army’s brutal attacks on civilians, and pledge to continue to support ASEAN’s efforts and take action to achieve the implementation of the ASEAN Five-Point Consensus, an immediate end to violence and the release of all those illegally detained, unrestricted access to humanitarian aid throughout the country and prompt return to democracy.

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The leaders emphasized their shared commitment to the prosperity, security, sustainability and resilience of the Mekong sub-region, as well as their support for cooperation and coordination as development partners and members of the Friends of the Mekong Group. Japan, the ROK, and the United States are working to support the economic and sustainable energy development of the Mekong sub-region, and to promote a water-secure and climate-resilient Mekong River Basin. Leaders reaffirm support for sub-regional cooperation frameworks, including the Mekong River Commission (MRC) and the Ayeyawady-Chao Phraya-Mekong Economic Cooperation Strategy (ACMECS), to ensure sustainable development and promote coordination among Mekong sub-region member states and development partners. .

Leaders reaffirm their commitment to Pacific Island countries and the importance of working in genuine partnership with Pacific Island countries in a transparent and effective manner, guided by the Pacific Islands Forum Blue Pacific Continent 2050 Strategy. They commit to addressing key Pacific Island issues including climate change; illegal, unregulated and unregistered fishing; and economic development. They will seek opportunities to do so individually and together, including with partners in the Blue Pacific, and President Biden and Prime Minister Kishida welcome President Yoon’s intention to join the partnership.


The leaders emphasize the importance of trilateral cooperation to strengthen the rules-based economic order and promote economic security and prosperity throughout the Indo-Pacific region and the world. Prime Minister Kishida, President Jon, and President Biden are pleased to launch a tri-government dialogue on economic security. Our countries will stand together to promote and protect our technological leadership for the region and the world. They will continue to ensure secure and resilient supply chains, promote the free flow of data with trust, promote tripartite, regional and like-minded cooperation in critical and emerging technologies, protect critical infrastructure and strengthen resilient and diverse supply chains for critical minerals to enhance environmental, social and social conditions. , and management standards in the industry. The three countries will work together to promote innovation and adoption of emerging technologies, including artificial intelligence, quantum information science and technology, biotechnology and advanced communications, including the use of open RAN technology. They will coordinate the implementation of their respective initiatives in semiconductor supply chain diversification, R&D and workforce development. All three countries will be united against economic coercion and for sustainable and transparent lending practices.

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Leaders commit to working closely together through the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework (IPEF), based on the principles of openness, transparency and inclusiveness. They agree to work together to develop a comprehensive IPEF that deepens economic engagement on priority issues, including the digital economy, resilient supply chains, clean energy and other priorities aimed at fostering sustainable and inclusive economic growth. Prime Minister Kishida and President Yon look forward to President Biden hosting APEC next year. To promote economic growth, leaders will take steps to give women equal opportunities and access to good jobs. The strength of our democracies and economies depends on the full participation of women.

The three countries will also continue to help the Indo-Pacific region recover from COVID-19 and strengthen health security to prevent, prepare for and respond to future pandemics. By coordinating all their efforts to prepare for a pandemic, they will work to ensure that the entire Indo-Pacific region is better equipped to face future health threats.

Leaders stress the urgent need to address the climate crisis highlighted by the recent 27th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP27). The three countries will work domestically and with partners to advance global goals to accelerate the growth of a clean energy economy, address the most catastrophic effects of climate change, and help lower- and middle-income countries build climate resilience. All three countries joined the Net Zero Government Initiative at COP27, committing to achieve net zero emissions from national government activities by 2050 at the latest. Leaders also emphasize the importance of innovation and the adoption of the next generation of clean energy, such as nuclear power. batteries, pure hydrogen and ammonia, and carbon capture and storage, which are essential for reducing emissions.


Prime Minister Kishida, President Yoon and President Biden reaffirm their commitment to a free and open Indo-Pacific region and express confidence that their trilateral partnership will continue to benefit all its people. The leaders applauded their respective approaches to the Indo-Pacific region and agreed to stand in solidarity in the pursuit of a free and open Indo-Pacific region that is inclusive, resilient and secure. The leaders agreed to work closely together on their various Indo-Pacific strategies.



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